Summer is represented as the goddess Ceres wearing a crown wheat stalks and holding a torch.
The summer season, when the fruits of the earth is often represented as a bare-breasted woman accompanied by a number of distinguishing attributes: a stalk of grain, a burning torch, and a fruit-filled cornucopia. Her colors are yellow and gold. In Greek mythology, the summer was identified with Deme- ter, goddess of the earth and agriculture. The goddess journeyed to the Underworld in search of her daughter Persephone, who had been abducted by Hades, god of the dead; this motif reflects Ceres' dual nature as bestower of abundance but also of drough During the Renaissance, in the complex system of corre- spondences between macrocosm and microcosm, the summer season was associated with fire, the choleric temperament, and the iconographic motif of the five senses. Summer appears as a man in the flower of youth, laden with symbolic motifs related to sun worship and the cult of empire: the stalks of grain that make up his clothing, the artichoke, and ripe corn. In Western iconogra phy, this season can also be represented by its corresponding farm abors.
From the painting by Pieter Bruegel, the cutting of the wheat normally occurs in late June, around the time of the summer solstice. The theme of working in the fields is here combined with a celebration of rest. In his cycle of the Seasons, Bruegel presents a splendid slice of the peasant life of his time.
There is a wheat field in Place Vendôme, France You can thank Chanel for that
As the direct reference from the Renaissance art iconography, Chanel presented the Blés Vendôme installation, created by French artist Gad Weil. It's also where the fashion house unveiled its latest collection of high jewellery, Les Blés de Chanel, inspired by wheat (which translates to les blés in French).
Wheat also signifies luck and prosperity in France, and because of that Gabrielle Chanel used it as a good-luck charm, which appears in every room in her apartment. It appeared on a brass bouquet, in gilded wood on the fireplace and she even had gilded sheaves for a table leg. She also owned a painting of a single blade of wheat, presented to her by Salvador Dali.Current Chanel creative director Karl Lagerfeld made references to this lucky charm in his Spring 2010 collection, with ears of wheat featured on chain belts, sunglasses, bracelets, headbands, necklaces and brooches.
The Blés Vendôme exhibition runs until 7 July 2016, after which Weil will take his installation to Saumur, France. See more of the high jewellery collection below.
Sources: Matilde Battistini, Symbols and Allegories in Art, The J.Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles and