Sir Peter Paul Rubens was born 1577 Siegen, Germany. Died 1640 Antwerp, Belgium. Painted in Antwerp. Rome, Madrid, Paris and London.
Born at Siegen, Westphalia, now part of Germany, Peter Paul Rubens was brought up in Antwerp in the Spanish Netherlands. Originally intended for the law, he studied painting under Tobias Verhaecht, AdamVan Noort and Otto Vaenius and was admitted into the Antwerp painters' guild in 1598. From 1600 to 1608 he was court painter to Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and travelled all over Italy Spain, furthering his studies and also executing paintings for various churches. Shortly after his return to Antwerp he was appointed court painter to Archduke Albrecht of the Netherlands. In the last years of his life he combined painting with diplomatic missions which took him to France, Spain and England in many fine and resulted portraits, as well as his larger religious pieces. He was knighted by both Charles I and Philip IV of Spain. In 1630 he retired from the court to Steen and devoted the last years of his life to landscape painting. Movement Flemish School other Works Samson and Delilah; The Descent from the Cross; Peace and War Influences Tobias Verhaecht, Adam Van Noort.
Source: Nick Wells, History of Art, The Foundry
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